first Governor-General of India, born at Churchill, Oxfordshire; early left an orphan, he was maintained at Westminster School by his uncle, and at 17 received a clerkship in the East India Company; for 14 years his life was occupied in mercantile and political work, at the close of which time he returned to England; in 1769 he was back in India as a member of the Madras Council; married the divorced wife of Baron Imhoff, and in 1772 was appointed President of the Council in Bengal; under the new arrangement for the governing of the provinces, Hastings was raised to the position of Governor-General in 1773; despite jealousies and misrepresentations both among his colleagues in India and the home authorities, he steadily, and with untiring energy, extended and brought into orderly government the British dominions; in 1785 he voluntarily resigned, and on his return he was impeached before the House of Lords for oppression of the natives, and for conniving at the plunder of the Begums or dowager-princesses of Oudh; the trial brought forth the greatest orators of the day, Burke, Fox, and Sheridan leading the impeachment, which, after dragging on for nearly eight years, resulted in the acquittal of Hastings on all the charges; his fortune having been consumed by the enormous expenses of the trial, he was awarded a handsome pension by the Company, and thereafter lived in honoured retirement (1732-1818).

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hastings,Warren — Hastings, Warren. 1732 1818. British colonial administrator who as governor general of India (1773 1785) carried out land and legal reforms and instituted British control of the Indian government. * * * …   Universalium

  • Hastings, Warren — born Dec. 6, 1732, Churchill, near Daylesford, Oxfordshire, Eng. died Aug. 22, 1818, Daylesford British colonial administrator in India. He worked for the English East India Company from 1750, rising to membership in its council in Bengal… …   Universalium

  • Hastings, Warren — ► (1732 1818) Primer gobernador británico de la India. * * * (6 dic. 1732, Churchill, cerca de Daylesford, Oxfordshire, Inglaterra–22 ago. 1818, Daylesford). Administrador colonial británico en India. Trabajó para la Compañía Inglesa de las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Warren Hastings — (* 6. Dezember 1732 in Churchill, Oxfordshire; † 22. August 1818 in Daylesford) war Generalgouverneur in Britisch Ostindien. Er wurde in Westminster und Oxford unterrichtet, erhielt 1750 eine Schreiberstelle bei der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hastings-Distrikt — Hastings District Council Karte Basisdaten Name in Māori: Heretaunga …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Warren Hastings — Warren Hastings. Warren Hastings (6 de diciembre de 1732 22 de agosto de 1818), fue político y administrador colonial británico, considerado uno de los fundadores del Imperio Británico en la India. Carrera Política en la India A los 18 años se… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hastings — es una población del sur de Inglaterra en el condado de East Sussex. Cuenta con una población en torno a 84.000 habitantes según el censo del año 2000. Históricamente es famosa por la Batalla de Hastings en 1066 en la que Guillermo I de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Warren Hastings — [Warren Hastings] (1732–1818) an important figure in the ↑East India Company who later became the first ↑Governor General of India. When he returned to Britain in 1785, he was accused of ↑corruption but was found not guilty after a trial lasting… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Warren — Warren, Informe Warren, John Collins Warren, Robert Penn ► C. del NE de E.U.A., estado de Michigan, suburbio de Detroit; 144 864 h. * * * (as used in expressions) Beatty, (Henry) Warren Henry Warren Beaty William Warren Bradley David Warren… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hastings [2] — Hastings, Warren, geb. 1732, Sohn eines Landpfarrers, von altem aber gänzl. heruntergekommenem Geschlechte, ging 1749 als Schreiber nach Ostindien, verdankte seine Erhebung sowohl Kriegsdiensten unter Clive als seiner Kenntniß der oriental.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”